Of the four types of HIV stigma, (received stigma, associated stigma, anticipated stigma and self-stigma), self-stigma is arguably the most prevalent and harmful. Self-stigma significantly lowers QoL and HRQoL in PLHIV.
All images are for illustrative purposes only. Any person depicted is a model.
ART: antiretroviral therapy; HRQoL: health-related QoL; PLHIV: people living with HIV; QoL: quality of life.